4 Onions Diced
8 Inches fresh Ginger or 4 tbsp Squeeze Ginger
8 tsp Minced Garlic or 10-12 Cloves
16 Cups Vegetable Broth
7-8 stalks Lemongrass
4 tsp 5 Spice Powder
4 tsp Coriander Seeds
1⁄2 tsp Ground Cloves or 20 whole Cloves
12 Star Anise
16-20 Cinnamon Sticks
8 tsp Sesame Seed Oil
Protein of choice
4 oz Rice Noodles
Vegetable Oil
4 C Bean Sprouts
1 C Mushrooms
10 Green Onions or Scallions
1 bunch Cilantro
Diced Jalapeno
Lemon Slices
Mint Leaves



Sep 15, 2022Brian Witmer
Contributed By: Live. Life. Simple.
This recipe will make 4 Medium Freeze Dryer trays*
  1. Put Instant Pot on sauté and add 8 tsp sesame oil. Add Star Anise, Cloves, Cinnamon Sticks, Coriander Seeds and let roast for a minute. 
  2. Add Garlic, Onion, Ginger, Mix and sauté until onions are slightly charred
  3. Add Lemon Grass, 5 Spice Powder, Salt and Pepper to taste, Vegetable Broth, stir and mix
  4. Cook at High Pressure for 15 minutes, let naturally release for 10 minutes when done.
  5. While broth cooks prepare your protein 2-3 lbs
    1. For Tofu: you will need 2-3 bricks
    2. Squeeze moisture out until fairly solid
    3. Cut into small chunks
    4. Put into a container with 1 tsp of cornstarch (do this one brick at a time) and coat the tofu with cornstarch
    5. Bake tofu in oven at 400℉, bake for 15 minutes, then flip and bake for 15 more minutes 
  6. Release pressure from Instant Pot
  7. Strain broth and separate solids from liquids. 
  8. Save the solids and use one more time if you want to make more Pho)
  9. Take ½ of an 8 oz package of rice noodles and add to hot broth and let soak for 15 minutes
  10. Add dry garnishes spread across Freeze dryer trays as evenly as possible (mushrooms, cilantro, green onions, bean sprouts and any other toppings you want)
  11. Add protein spread out as evenly as possible across your freeze dryer trays and toppings
  12. Separate rice noodles from liquid, and spread evenly from trays
  13. Add liquid as evenly as possible across the trays
  14. Pre Freeze
  15. Freeze Dry
  16. Math time, Weight of trays before freeze drying - Weight of trays after freeze drying = removed moisture, then use ratio to know how much water to use. 
  17. Store Appropriately (See Tips and Tricks for storage help)


    Cycle Time: 

    My cycle time was 25:26:41 in a medium freeze dryer with a premier pump and 4 trays of Pho.



    My rehydration was 1 oz of Pho to 1 Cup of hot water added very slowly, the protein will take longer to rehydrate, the smaller the protein pieces the faster the rehydration rate.


    * Large Tray = 8 Cups/tray   Medium = 6 Cups/Tray   Small = 4 Cups/Tray

    Cycle times & rehydration for reference only. Your results may vary.


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